The National Institutes of Health Guidelines on Human Stem Cell Research were published on July 7, 2009. This was in response to the March 9, 2009 Executive Order (EO) 13505 (see below), which changed the way National Institutes of Health (NIH) can support and conduct human stem cell research. The HHS Secretary, through the NIH Director, was required to review existing NIH and other widely-recognized guidelines on human stem cell research and issue new NIH guidance within 120 days of the date of the EO.
On March 9, 2009, President Barack Obama issued EO 13505, entitled Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells (108KB PDF; get Adobe Reader).
In addition to requiring the above NIH guidelines, this EO also revoked two items:
- the presidential statement of August 9, 2001.
- Executive Order 13435 (100KB PDF; get Adobe Reader) of June 20, 2007.
- See Memorandum from the President for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies Regarding Guidelines for Human Stem Cell Research
- See Implementation of Executive Order on Removing Barriers to Responsible Scientific Research Involving Human Stem Cells (NOT-OD-09-085)
- See President Obama's speech on the White House Web site
- See NIH Releases Public Comments on the NIH Draft Guidelines for Human Stem Cell Research
- Policy & Guidelines Archive Policy statements and guidelines on federally funded stem cell research.
- Congressional Testimony Transcripts of Congressional testimony.
- National Academy of Sciences Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research The National Academy of Sciences developed its first set of ethical standards for stem cell research in 2005. The guidelines were updated in 2007, 2008, and 2010.
- Guidelines for the Conduct of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research The International Society for Stem Cell Research developed these guidelines to specify ethical standards for scientists working with human embryonic stem cells.